Cable assemblies are collections of wires or cables banded into a single unit with connectors on at least one end. Cable assemblies are used to connect various types of equipment and instrumentation. The connectors and wire configuration are very specific depending on the application.
When selecting cable assemblies, application and type specifications are important to consider. Other relevant specifications include gender, shielding and approvals / certifications.
A cable assembly is identified by the plugs and receptacles that are attached to the ends. The featured connectors are determined by the application for which the cable assembly was manufactured. The application may also determines the cable's dimensional and electrical specifications, as well as approvals and certifications. Suppliers offer cable assemblies for audio / video (A/V), automotive, imaging, radio frequency (RF), and telecommunications applications. There are also cable assemblies for personal computers (PCs), local area network (LAN) applications, and industrial control and instrumentation systems. Cordage, patch cords and cable extenders are types of cable assembly which may suit a variety of applications.
The various types of cable assembly may be grouped by application.
Audio / visual (A/V) cables are used to connect audio and video equipment to a computer or display. DVI, RGB and VGA cables are examples of A/V cables.
Battery cables are used to connect batteries.
Computer cables connect hard drives, printers, monitors and other peripheral devices to a computer. Computer cables include ATA / SATA, IEEE 1394 (FireWire?), IDE / EIDE, KVM, monitor, printer, USB and VGA cables.
General communication cables provide data transmission and networking between computers, controllers and other devices. ATM, CANopen, CC-LINK, fibre channel, Fieldbus, parallel, SCSI, and serial cables are all suitable communication links.
Patch cables (or patch cords) are electrical or optical cables used to connect two or more devices. Patch cables are available in various lengths and can be used for many different applications, such as panel connection, Ethernet and telecommunications.
Telecommunications cables are used to extend or replace cables for telephones and handsets.
In addition to application and type, other important cable assembly specifications include connector type, gender, and shielding.
Examples of Connector Types
BNC connectors are bayonet-style locking connectors. They are typically used for A/V applications, as well as older devices and third party monitors.